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The Pope is a Chicken!
Pope Endurance League


Place Pope Pontificate length Dates
1. Petrus 34 years (33-67(?))
79. Linus 10 years (68-78(?))
49. Cletus 13 years (78-91(?))
79. Clemens I 10 years (91-101(?))
103. Evaristus 8 years (101-109(?))
110. Alexander I 7 years 5 months 3 days (109-116-05-03)
103. Sixtus I 8 years (117-125)
65. Telesphorus 11 years (125-136)
163. Hyginus 4 years (138-142(?))
43. Pius I 13 years 7 months 11 days (142-155-07-11)
75. Anicetus 10 years 3 months (155-09(?)-166)
103. Soter 8 years (166-174(?))
34. Eleutherus 15 years (174-189(?))
79. Victor I 10 years (189-199)
20. Zephyrinus 18 years (199-217)
144. Calixtus I 5 years (217-222)
103. Urban I 8 years (222-230)
139. Pontian 5 years 2 months 7 days (230-07-21-235-09-28)
253. Anterus 1 month 13 days (235-11-21-236-01-03)
41. Fabian 14 years 10 days (236-01-10-250-01-20)
193. Cornelius 2 years 3 months (251-03-253-06)
234. Lucius I 8 months 8 days (253-06-25-254-03-05)
169. Stefan I 3 years 2 months 21 days (254-05-12-257-08-02)
221. Sixtus II 11 months 16 days (257-08-21-258-08-06)
87. Dionysius 9 years 5 months 4 days (259-07-22-268-12-26)
130. Felix I 5 years 11 months 25 days (269-01-05-274-12-30)
92. Eutychian 8 years 11 months 3 days (275-01-04-283-12-07)
54. Gajus 12 years 4 months 5 days (283-12-17-296-04-22)
111. Marcellinus 7 years 5 months (296-06-30-304)
243. Marcellus I 6 months (308-06-309)
242. Eusebius 6 months 3 days (310-04-18-310-10-21)
187. Militiades 2 years 6 months 9 days (311-07-02-314-01-11)
9. Sylvester I 21 years 11 months (314-01-31-335-12-31)
231. Markus 8 months 19 days (336-01-18-336-10-07)
30. Julius I 15 years 2 months 6 days (337-02-06-352-04-12)
39. Liberius 14 years 4 months 7 days (352-05-17-366-09-24)
18. Damasus I 18 years 2 months 10 days (366-10-01-384-12-11)
35. Siricus 14 years 11 months 26 days (384-12-399-11-26)
197. Anastasius I 2 years 22 days (399-11-27-401-12-19)
29. Innocentius I 15 years 2 months 19 days (401-12-21-417-03-12)
206. Zosimus 1 year 9 months 7 days (417-03-18-418-12-25)
165. Bonifatius I 3 years 8 months 7 days (418-12-28-422-09-04)
82. Celestinus I 9 years 10 months 17 days (422-09-10-432-07-27)
101. Sixtus III 8 years 19 days (432-07-31-440-08-19)
10. Leo I 21 years 2 months 10 days (440-09-461-11-10)
126. Hilarius 6 years 3 months 12 days (461-11-17-468-02-29)
33. Simplicius 15 years 7 days (468-03-03-483-03-10)
91. Felix III 8 years 11 months 16 days (483-03-13-492-03-01)
149. Gelasius I 4 years 8 months 20 days (492-03-01-496-11-21)
201. Anastasius II 1 year 11 months 26 days (496-11-24-498-11-19)
27. Symmachus 15 years 7 months 27 days (498-11-22-514-07-19)
90. Hormisdas 9 years 17 days (514-07-20-523-08-06)
181. Johannes I 2 years 9 months 5 days (523-08-13-526-05-18)
157. Felix IV 4 years 2 months 10 days (526-07-12-530-09-22)
196. Bonifatius II 2 years 25 days (530-09-22-532-10-17)
191. Johannes II 2 years 4 months 5 days (533-01-03-535-05-08)
222. Agapetus I 11 months 9 days (535-05-13-536-04-22)
212. Sylverius 1 year 5 months 3 days (536-06-08-537-11-11)
19. Vigilius 18 years 2 months 9 days (537-03-29-555-06-07)
146. Pelagius I 4 years 10 months 15 days (556-04-16-561-03-03)
50. Johannes III 12 years 11 months 26 days (561-07-17-574-07-13)
159. Benedictus I 4 years 1 month 28 days (575-06-02-579-07-30)
76. Pelagius II 10 years 2 months 12 days (579-11-26-590-02-07)
45. Gregorius I 13 years 6 months 9 days (590-09-03-604-03-12)
210. Sabinianus 1 year 5 months 9 days (604-09-13-606-02-22)
229. Bonifatius III 8 months 24 days (607-02-19-607-11-12)
122. Bonifatius IV 6 years 7 months 23 days (608-09-15-615-05-08)
177. Deusdedit I 3 years 20 days (615-10-19-618-11-08)
133. Bonifatius V 5 years 10 months 2 days (619-12-23-625-10-25)
51. Honorius I 12 years 11 months 15 days (625-10-27-638-10-12)
249. Severinus 2 months 5 days (640-05-28-640-08-02)
204. Johannes IV 1 year 9 months 18 days (640-12-24-642-10-12)
123. Theodor I 6 years 5 months 20 days (642-11-24-649-05-14)
156. Martin I 4 years 2 months 11 days (649-07-05-653-09-16)
203. Eugenius I 1 year 9 months 23 days (655-08-10-657-06-02)
37. Vitalianus 14 years 6 months 27 days (657-07(?)-672-01-27)
158. Deusdedit II 4 years 2 months 6 days (672-04-11-676-06-17)
210. Donus 1 year 5 months 9 days (676-11-02-678-04-11)
186. Agatho 2 years 6 months 14 days (678-06-27-681-01-10)
225. Leo II 10 months 16 days (682-08-17-683-07-03)
226. Benedictus II 10 months 12 days (684-06-26-685-05-08)
219. Johannes V 1 year 10 days (685-07-23-686-08-02)
224. Conon 10 months 26 days (686-10-26-687-09-21)
42. Sergius I 13 years 8 months 24 days (687-12-15-701-09-08)
171. Johannes VI 3 years 2 months 12 days (701-10-30-705-01-11)
183. Johannes VII 2 years 7 months 17 days (705-03-01-707-10-18)
262. Sisinnius 20 days (708-01-15-708-02-04)
117. Constantinus 7 years 15 days (708-03-25-715-04-09)
25. Gregorius II 15 years 8 months 23 days (715-05-19-731-02-11)
68. Gregorius III 10 years 8 months 10 days (731-03-18-741-11-28)
74. Zacharias 10 years 3 months 12 days (741-12-03-752-03-15)
267. Stefan II 3 days (752-03-23-752-03-26)
143. Stefan III 5 years 1 month (752-03-26-757-04-26)
77. Paulus I 10 years 30 days (757-05-29-767-06-28)
152. Stefan IV 4 years 5 months 17 days (767-08-07-772-01-24)
6. Hadrianus I 23 years 10 months 24 days (772-02-01-795-12-25)
12. Leo III 20 years 5 months 17 days (795-12-26-816-06-12)
238. Stefan V 7 months 2 days (816-06-22-817-01-24)
116. Paschal I 7 years 18 days (817-01-24-824-02-11)
173. Eugenius II 3 years 2 months (824-06-827-08)
257. Valentinus 1 month (827-08-827-09)
23. Gregorius IV 16 years 3 months 25 days (827-10(?)-844-01-25)
176. Sergius II 3 years 27 days (844-01-847-01-27)
99. Leo IV 8 years 3 months (847-04-10-855-07-10)
185. Benedictus III 2 years 6 months 19 days (855-09-29-858-04-17)
85. Nicholaas I 9 years 6 months 20 days (858-04-24-867-11-13)
145. Hadrianus II 4 years 10 months 17 days (867-12-14-872-11)
78. Johannes VIII 10 years 2 days (872-12-14-882-12-16)
213. Marinus I 1 year 4 months 29 days (882-12-16-884-05-15)
217. Hadrianus III 1 year 3 months 14 days (884-05-17-885-09)
128. Stefan VI 6 years 14 days (885-09-891-09-14)
151. Formosus 4 years 6 months 16 days (891-09-19-896-04-04)
265. Bonifatius VI 15 days (896-04-04-896-04-19)
218. Stefan VII 1 year 2 months 9 days (896-05-22-897-08)
248. Romanus 3 months (897-08-897-11)
262. Theodor II 20 days (897-11-01-897-11-21)
200. Johannes IX 2 years (898-01-900-01)
173. Benedictus IV 3 years 2 months (900-06-903-08)
247. Leo V 4 months (903-09-904-01)
115. Sergius III 7 years 2 months 16 days (904-01-29-911-04-14)
194. Anastasius III 2 years 2 months (911-06-913-08)
239. Lando 7 months (913-08-914-03)
40. Johannes X 14 years 2 months (914-03-928-05)
239. Leo VI 7 months (928-05-928-12)
194. Stefan VIII 2 years 2 months (928-12-931-02)
147. Johannes XI 4 years 10 months (931-02-935-12)
166. Leo VII 3 years 6 months 10 days (936-01-03-939-07-13)
170. Stefan IX 3 years 2 months 16 days (939-07-14-942-10)
167. Marinus II 3 years 6 months (942-10-30-946-05)
85. Agapetus II 9 years 6 months 20 days (946-05-10-955-12)
107. Johannes XII 7 years 11 months 18 days (955-12-16-963-12-04)
256. Benedictus V 1 month 1 day (964-05-22-964-06-23)
236. Leo VIII 8 months 6 days (964-06-23-965-03-01)
118. Johannes XIII 6 years 11 months 5 days (965-10-01-972-09-06)
190. Benedictus VI 2 years 4 months 12 days (972-01-19-974-06)
95. Benedictus VII 8 years 9 months 10 days (974-10-983-07-10)
230. Johannes XIV 8 months 20 days (983-12-984-08-20)
70. Johannes XV 10 years 7 months (985-08-996-03)
179. Gregorius V 2 years 9 months 15 days (996-05-03-999-02-18)
161. Sylvester II 4 years 1 month 10 days (999-04-02-1003-05-12)
241. Johannes XVII 6 months 20 days (1003-05-16-1003-12-06)
135. Johannes XVIII 5 years 6 months 5 days (1003-12-25-1009-07)
180. Sergius IV 2 years 9 months 11 days (1009-07-31-1012-05-12)
57. Benedictus VIII 11 years 10 months 22 days (1012-05-18-1024-04-09)
97. Johannes XIX 8 years 6 months 1 day (1024-04-19-1032-10-20)
58. Benedictus IX 11 years 10 months 10 days (1032-10-21-1044-09)
252. Sylvester III 1 month 18 days (1045-01-20-1045-03-10)
205. Benedictus IX 1 year 9 months 14 days (1045-03-10-1046-12-24)
209. Gregorius VI 1 year 7 months 19 days (1045-05-01-1046-12-20)
228. Clemens II 9 months 14 days (1046-12-25-1047-10-09)
234. Benedictus IX 8 months 8 days (1047-11-08-1048-07-16)
260. Damasus II 23 days (1048-07-17-1048-08-09)
139. Leo IX 5 years 2 months 7 days (1049-02-12-1054-04-19)
192. Victor II 2 years 3 months 15 days (1055-04-13-1057-07-28)
237. Stefan X 7 months 27 days (1057-08-02-1058-03-29)
184. Nicolaus II 2 years 7 months 13 days (1058-12-06-1061-07-19)
59. Alexander II 11 years 6 months 22 days (1061-09-30-1073-04-21)
56. Gregorius VII 12 years 1 month 3 days (1073-04-22-1085-05-25)
216. Victor III 1 year 3 months 23 days (1086-05-24-1087-09-16)
62. Urban II 11 years 4 months 17 days (1088-03-12-1099-07-29)
15. Paschal II 18 years 5 months 8 days (1099-08-13-1118-01-21)
220. Gelasius II 1 year 5 days (1118-01-24-1119-01-29)
132. Calixtus II 5 years 10 months 12 days (1119-02-01-1124-12-13)
141. Honorius II 5 years 1 month 23 days (1124-12-21-1130-02-13)
44. Innocentius II 13 years 7 months 10 days (1130-02-14-1143-09-24)
244. Celestinus II 5 months 11 days (1143-09-25-1144-03-08)
223. Lucius II 11 months 3 days (1144-03-12-1145-02-15)
98. Eugenius III 8 years 4 months 23 days (1145-02-15-1153-07-08)
214. Anastasius IV 1 year 4 months 25 days (1153-07-08-1154-12-03)
148. Hadrianus IV 4 years 8 months 28 days (1154-12-04-1159-09-01)
8. Alexander III 21 years 11 months 23 days (1159-09-07-1181-08-30)
155. Lucius III 4 years 2 months 24 days (1181-09-01-1185-11-25)
202. Urban III 1 year 10 months 25 days (1185-11-25-1187-10-20)
251. Gregorius VIII 1 month 26 days (1187-10-21-1187-12-17)
172. Clemens III 3 years 2 months 9 days (1187-12-19-1191-03)
120. Celestinus III 6 years 9 months 9 days (1191-03-30-1198-01-08)
15. Innocentius III 18 years 5 months 8 days (1198-01-08-1216-06-16)
69. Honorius III 10 years 8 months (1216-07-18-1227-03-18)
38. Gregorius IX 14 years 5 months 3 days (1227-03-19-1241-08-22)
264. Celestinus IV 16 days (1241-10-25-1241-11-10)
61. Innocentius IV 11 years 5 months 12 days (1243-06-25-1254-12-07)
124. Alexander IV 6 years 5 months 13 days (1254-12-12-1261-05-25)
175. Urban IV 3 years 1 month 3 days (1261-08-29-1264-10-02)
164. Clemens IV 3 years 9 months 14 days (1265-02-05-1268-11-19)
153. Gregorius X 4 years 4 months 9 days (1271-09-01-1276-01-10)
246. Innocentius V 5 months 1 day (1276-01-21-1276-06-22)
254. Hadrianus V 1 month 7 days (1276-07-11-1276-08-18)
233. Johannes XXI 8 months 12 days (1276-09-08-1277-05-20)
182. Nicolaus III 2 years 8 months 28 days (1277-11-25-1280-08-22)
162. Martin IV 4 years 1 month 6 days (1281-02-22-1285-03-28)
199. Honorius IV 2 years 1 day (1285-04-02-1287-04-03)
160. Nicolaus IV 4 years 1 month 13 days (1288-02-22-1292-04-04)
245. Celestinus V 5 months 8 days (1294-07-05-1294-12-13)
94. Bonifatius VIII 8 years 9 months 17 days (1294-12-24-1303-10-11)
232. Benedictus XI 8 months 15 days (1303-10-22-1304-07-07)
93. Clemens V 8 years 10 months 15 days (1305-06-05-1314-04-20)
17. Johannes XXII 18 years 3 months 27 days (1316-08-07-1334-12-04)
113. Benedictus XII 7 years 4 months 5 days (1334-12-20-1342-04-25)
71. Clemens VI 10 years 6 months 29 days (1342-05-07-1352-12-06)
83. Innocentius VI 9 years 8 months 25 days (1352-12-18-1362-09-12)
100. Urban V 8 years 2 months 21 days (1362-09-28-1370-12-19)
114. Gregorius XI 7 years 3 months 7 days (1370-12-20-1378-03-27)
60. Urban VI 11 years 6 months 7 days (1378-04-08-1389-10-15)
36. Bonifatius IX 14 years 10 months 29 days (1389-11-02-1404-10-01)
198. Innocentius VII 2 years 20 days (1404-10-17-1406-11-06)
66. Gregorius XII 10 years 10 months 18 days (1406-11-30-1417-10-18)
46. Martin V 13 years 3 months 9 days (1417-11-11-1431-02-20)
24. Eugenius IV 15 years 11 months 20 days (1431-03-03-1447-02-23)
102. Nicolaus V 8 years 18 days (1447-03-06-1455-03-24)
168. Calixtus III 3 years 3 months 29 days (1455-04-08-1458-08-06)
129. Pius II 5 years 11 months 28 days (1458-08-18-1464-08-15)
119. Paulus II 6 years 10 months 26 days (1464-08-30-1471-07-26)
48. Sixtus IV 13 years 3 days (1471-08-09-1484-08-12)
108. Innocentius VIII 7 years 10 months 26 days (1484-08-29-1492-07-25)
64. Alexander VI 11 years 7 days (1492-08-11-1503-08-18)
258. Pius III 26 days (1503-09-22-1503-10-18)
88. Julius II 9 years 3 months 20 days (1503-11-01-1513-02-21)
96. Leo X 8 years 8 months 20 days (1513-03-11-1521-12-01)
207. Hadrianus VI 1 year 8 months 5 days (1522-01-09-1523-09-14)
67. Clemens VII 10 years 10 months 7 days (1523-11-18-1534-09-25)
32. Paulus III 15 years 29 days (1534-10-12-1549-11-10)
142. Julius III 5 years 1 month 15 days (1550-02-08-1555-03-23)
261. Marcellus II 21 days (1555-04-10-1555-05-01)
154. Paulus IV 4 years 2 months 26 days (1555-05-23-1559-08-18)
131. Pius IV 5 years 11 months 14 days (1559-12-25-1565-12-09)
125. Pius V 6 years 4 months (1566-01-01-1572-05-01)
52. Gregorius XIII 12 years 10 months 27 days (1572-05-14-1585-04-10)
137. Sixtus V 5 years 4 months 3 days (1585-04-24-1590-08-27)
266. Urban VII 12 days (1590-09-15-1590-09-27)
227. Gregorius XIV 10 months 11 days (1590-12-05-1591-10-16)
250. Innocentius IX 2 months 1 day (1591-10-29-1591-12-30)
47. Clemens VIII 13 years 1 month 3 days (1592-01-30-1605-03-05)
258. Leo XI 26 days (1605-04-01-1605-04-27)
26. Paulus V 15 years 8 months 12 days (1605-05-16-1621-01-28)
189. Gregorius XV 2 years 4 months 29 days (1621-02-09-1623-07-08)
11. Urban VIII 20 years 11 months 23 days (1623-08-06-1644-07-29)
73. Innocentius X 10 years 3 months 17 days (1644-09-15-1655-01-01)
55. Alexander VII 12 years 1 month 15 days (1655-04-07-1667-05-22)
188. Clemens IX 2 years 5 months 19 days (1667-06-20-1669-12-09)
127. Clemens X 6 years 2 months 23 days (1670-04-29-1676-07-22)
53. Innocentius XI 12 years 10 months 22 days (1676-09-21-1689-08-12)
215. Alexander VIII 1 year 3 months 26 days (1689-10-06-1691-02-01)
89. Innocentius XII 9 years 2 months 15 days (1691-07-12-1700-09-27)
13. Clemens XI 20 years 3 months 24 days (1700-11-23-1721-03-19)
178. Innocentius XIII 2 years 9 months 27 days (1721-05-08-1724-03-07)
134. Benedictus XIII 5 years 8 months 23 days (1724-05-29-1730-02-21)
84. Clemens XII 9 years 6 months 25 days (1730-07-12-1740-02-06)
21. Benedictus XIV 17 years 8 months 16 days (1740-08-17-1758-05-03)
72. Clemens XIII 10 years 6 months 27 days (1758-07-06-1769-02-02)
137. Clemens XIV 5 years 4 months 3 days (1769-05-19-1774-09-22)
5. Pius VI 24 years 6 months 14 days (1775-02-15-1799-08-29)
7. Pius VII 23 years 4 months 6 days (1800-03-14-1823-07-20)
136. Leo XII 5 years 4 months 13 days (1823-09-28-1829-02-10)
208. Pius VIII 1 year 7 months 30 days (1829-03-31-1830-11-30)
28. Gregorius XVI 15 years 3 months 30 days (1831-02-02-1846-06-01)
2. Pius IX 31 years 7 months 22 days (1846-06-16-1878-02-07)
4. Leo XIII 25 years 5 months (1878-02-20-1903-07-20)
63. Pius X 11 years 11 days (1903-08-09-1914-08-20)
112. Benedictus XV 7 years 4 months 19 days (1914-09-03-1922-01-22)
22. Pius XI 17 years 4 days (1922-02-06-1939-02-10)
14. Pius XII 19 years 7 months 7 days (1939-03-02-1958-10-09)
150. Johannes XXIII 4 years 7 months 6 days (1958-10-28-1963-06-03)
31. Paulus VI 15 years 1 month 16 days (1963-06-21-1978-08-06)
255. Johannes Paulus I 1 month 2 days (1978-08-26-1978-09-28)
3. Johannes Paulus II 26 years 5 months 17 days (1978-10-16-2005-04-02)
109. Benedictus XVI 7 years 10 months 9 days (2005-04-19-2013-02-28)
121. Franciscus 6 years 8 months 4 days (2013-03-13-)
Place Pope Pontificate length Dates

4 months 22 days
better than Hilarius.

FAQ:

Missing Popes

Where is Felix II?
When Felix III was elected pope, the antipope Felix II had not yet been removed from the official pope list. Hence, he thought he was the third pope called Felix.

Where are Martin II and III?
In 1281, when newly elected pope Simon de Brie was choosing his new name, Marinus I and Marinus II were listed as Martin II and Martin III. This was a mistake and caused Martin IV to choose the wrong number.

Where is Johannes XX?
A medieval mistake caused Pedro Julião, who was to be Johannes XX, to choose the wrong number. The reason for the confusion in the listing may be antipope Johannes VIII (II) who died in 844.

Where is Alexander V?
When Rodrigo Borgia, about a month before Columbus set out for America (or India if you will), was elected pope, he thought that Alexander V was a real pope. For that reason he took the name Alexander VI. Later it turned out that Alexander V was mearly an antipope.

Where are Johannes XVI, Benedictus X and Bonifatius VII?
God damn it! I don't know! How can I keep track of all these missing popes? They couldn't count back in those days. Okay?! Now leave me alone.

Suspicious Popes

What's up with Benedictus IX?
Theophylactus, who took the pope-name Benedictus IX, was one of the youngest popes ever. He was elected (possibly aged 11-12) in 1032. In 1044, he was deemed unsuitable and ejected. Soon, his forces reinstated him only to watch him resign and sell the title to a priest for 650 kg gold. He wanted to get married. However, he changed his mind a second time and regained the throne. After a few months, Henry III had had enough and threw Benedictus IX out for the last time. In the end, he was accused of simony and excommunicated.

What happened to Stefan II?
He was elected pope on march 23 752, but suffered a stroke and died just three days later. He was never properly ordained pope and the church just found another Stefan to put in his place. For this reason he is not always considered a real pope. Since other pope's pontificates are counted from the day of their election, it seems logical to include Stefan II among the popes. As late as the 1960's, his status was changed to "not pope" and then numbers of all following Stefans were changed. As you can see, this revision is not respected in this list.

Did Petrus really become pope in the year 33?
Probably not. Firstly, Jesus' birth and death dates are disputed, which reflects on Petrus, since he is supposed to have taken over as Jesus' deputy after crucifiction. Secondly, the very existance of Jesus has been questioned. We will not go into details, since that is a rather lengthy discussion, but if Jesus did not exist it is probable that Petrus also never existed. In that case, an interesting question is when the made-up popelist pass into historical fact.

What is an antipope?
An antopope is just an individual who claims to be pope, but is not accepted by the catholic church. In principle, one could be regarded an antipope just for calling oneself pope. In reality, though, one has to be supported by some sect or worldly leader. There has been almost fifty antipopes and right now there is three: Michael I, Linus II and Pius XIII.

Why aren't the antipopes on the toplist?
They are not regarded as actual popes and hence it is not known if they are chickens. However, if you want to have them on the list, you can: Include antipopes!.

Pope Statistics

How many popes have unique names?
43. They are: Petrus, Linus, Cletus, Evaristus, Telesphorus, Hyginus, Anicetus, Soter, Eleutherus, Zephyrinus, Pontian, Anterus, Fabian, Cornelius, Dionysius, Eutychian, Gajus, Marcellinus, Eusebius, Militiades, Markus, Liberius, Siricus, Zosimus, Hilarius, Simplicius, Symmachus, Hormisdas, Sylverius, Vigilius, Sabinianus, Severinus, Vitalianus, Donus, Agatho, Conon, Sisinnius, Constantinus, Zacharias, Valentinus, Formosus, Romanus, Lando and Franciscus. With the exception of Johannes Paulus I, who named himself after his two predecessors, and the latest contribution Franciscus, noone has come up with any new names since the year 914.

How many popes have more than one name?
2. Only Johannes Paulus I and Johannes Paulus II have had multiple names.

About the List

Wouldn't it be fun to have a toplist with the longest pope elections?
Yes. But those times are not as easy to find as the pontificate dates. Also, the procedure has changed over time. What we can say is that the longest conclave was the one that, after 2 years 9 months 2 days, elected Gregorius X. They endured drastically reduced food supplies and came to a decision only when the roof was dismantled and they realized that the autumn rains would be unpleasant. The shortest conclave elected Julius II in only a few hours. Johannes Paulus II was elected after 3 days and Benedictus XVI and Franciscus in just over a day.

Isn't there a potential problem in that the months have different number of days?
Yes. The sorting does not take this into account. Further more, leap years are ignored. A more serious problem is that many of the earliest dates are approximate or unknown.


Copyright © Björn Andersson 2005, 2013